Growing the global community of lawyers working in the field of social entrepreneurship and impact investing

Geczy, Christopher; Jeffers, Jessica S.; Musto, David K. & Tucker, Anne M., In Pursuit of Good & Gold:  Data Observations on Employee Ownership & Impact Investment, 40 Seattle U. L. Rev. 555 (2017) Available at:

 Andrews, Sara & Dewey, Lisa, Pro Bono Goes Global, Stanford Social Innovate Review (Winter 2016)  Available at:

Tokarz, Karen & Sant, Geetha Rao, New Directions in Community Lawyering, Social Entrepreneurship, and Dispute Resolution: Introduction,  48 Wash. U. J. L. & Pol'y 1 (2015) Available at:

Dangel, Stephanie &  Madison, Michael,  Innovators, Esq.: Training the Next Generation of Lawyer Social Entrepreneurs,  83 UMKC L. Rev. 967 (Summer 2015) Available at:

Felstiner, Susan T., Business Law Forum - Educating the Transactional Lawyer: Introduction, 19 Lewis & Clark L. Rev. 263 (2015) Available at:

Plerhoples, Alicia E. & Spratley, Amanda M., Engaging Outside Counsel in Transactional Law Clinics, 20 Clinical L. Rev. 379 (2014) Available at:

Burand, Deborah; Jones, Susan R.; Ng, Jonathan; & Plerhoples, Alicia E., Clinical Collaborations:  Going Global to Advance Social Entrepreneurship, 20 Int’l J. Clinical Legal Educ. 499 (2014) Available at:

Jones, Susan R. and Lainez, Jacqueline, Enriching the Law School Curriculum:  The Rise of Transactional Legal Clinics in U.S. Law Schools, 43 Wash. U. J. L. & Pol’y 85 (2013) Available at:

Plerhoples, Alicia E., Representing Social Enterprise,  20 Clinical L. Rev. 215 (2013) Available at:

Kaufman, Zach, Making Social and Environmental Impact through Legal Careers:  The Top 10 Roles for Attorneys in Social Entrepreneurship, LawForChange:  The Legal Forum for Social Innovators (2013) Available at:

Planning for market uncertainty when investing in social enterprises or managing social enterprises

 Abdelhady, Hdeel, Nonfinancial Risk for Banks:  Incorporating Environmental, Social and Governance to Identify and Manage Banks’s Legal, Commercial, and Reputation Risk Management (MassPoint PLLC:  Occasional Note, April 11, 2017). Available at:

Wagner, Daniel, The Importance of Political Risk Insurance in the Era of Disruption, Blog posted in The Huffington Post (January 12, 2017).  Available at:

Rabindrakumar, Geetha, What Could Brexit Mean for Social Investment?  The Social Enterprise Magazine – Pioneers Post (July 29, 2016).  Available at:

Thomson Reuters Foundation and Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP, et al., Balancing Purpose and Profit:  Legal Mechanisms to Lock In Social Missions for “Profit with Purpose” Businesses Across the G8  - Addendum:  Review of Legal and Policy Developments since 2014 (June 2016) Available at:

Hernandez, Monica & Bang, Claire, Cross-Border Impact Investments:  A Legal Primer for Families (The Impact, April 2016) Available at:

Savor, Conor M. et al, Development Finance Institutions Come of Age:  Policy Engagement, impact, and New Directions (CSIS and ODI:  October 2016). Available at:

Bates Wells & Braithwaite London LLP on behalf of the European Social Enterprise Law Association (ESELA):  Social Enterprise in Europe:  Developing Legal Systems which Support Social Enterprise Growth (October 2015) Available at:

Abdelhady, Hdeel, Money is Not Enough:  Emerging Market Enterprises Need Entrepreneurial Governance to Achieve Strategic Objectives in a Changing Environment (MassPoint PLLC: Occasional Note, October 2015).  Available at:

What Companies Do Right (and Wrong) in Emerging Markets, FTI Consulting Risk Research Project (July 2015).  Available at:

Reiser, Dana Brakman, Regulating Social Enterprise, 14 UC Davis Bus. L. J. 231 (2014) Available at:

Esposito,  Robert T., The Social Enterprise Revolution in Corporate Law:  A Primer on Emerging Corporate Entities in Europe and the United States and the Case for the Benefit Corporation, 4 William & Mary Bus. L. Rev.639 (2013) Available at:

Abdelhady, Hdeel, Islamic Finance as a Mechanism for Bolstering Food Security in the Middle East:  Food Security WAQF, 13 Am. U. Sustainable Dev. L. & Pol’y 29 (2012).  Available at:

O’Driscoll, Peter, De-Risking Emerging Market PE Investments:  A Checklist for Investors, EMPEA Legal & Regulatory Bulletin (Autumn 2011).  Available at:


Aggregating capital for impact investing

Annual Impact Investor Survey 2017 (GIIN - May 2017) Available at:

Mudaliar, Abhilash; Pineiro, Aliana; Bass, Rachel, Impact Investing Trends:  Evidence of a Growing Industry (GIIN - December 2016) Available at:

CGAP and Symbiotics, Microfinance Funds:  10 Years of Research and Practice – A Review of CGAP and Symbiotics’ Microfinance Investment Vehicle Surveys (December 2016) Available at:

TONIIC Launch Report – T100:  Insights from the Frontier of Impact Investing (2016) Available at:

Basu, Ranajoy & Bourke, Aaron, Social Impact Investing:  The Growing Trend of Financing for Good, 8 Butterworths J. Int’l Banking & Fin. L. 483A (online edition, September 2016)

Heminway, Joan MacLeod, Securities Crowdfunding and Investor Protection (May 2, 2016). CESifo DICE Report 2/2016; University of Tennessee Legal Studies Research Paper No. 292 Available at SSRN:

FINRA, Letter of Acceptance, Waiver and Consent No. 2016051563901 (UFunding Portal) (2016) Available at:

Mudaliar, Abhilash & Barra, Lauren, Impact Base Snapshot:  An Analysis of 300+ Impact Investing Funds, Global Impact Investing Network (April 2015) Available at:

Clifford Chance and International Senior Lawyers Project in partnership with the GIIN, Impact Investing Private Equity Fund Industry:  Legal Considerations (2015) Available at:

Thomson Reuters Foundation, Instiglio, et al, A Legal Roadmap for Social Impact Bonds in Developing Countries (November 2014) Available at:

Reiser, Dana Brakman & Dean, Steven A., SE(c)(3):  A Catalyst for Social Enterprise Crowdfunding, 90 Ind. L. J. (2015).  Available at:

Burand, Deborah, Globalizing Social Finance:  How Social Impact Bonds and Social Impact Performance Guarantees Can Scale Development, 9 NYU J. L. & Bus. 447 (Special Issue 2013) Available at:

Heminway, Joan MacLeod, To Be or Not to Be (a Security): Funding For-Profit Social Enterprises (April 1, 2013). Regent University Law Review, Vol. 25, 2013; University of Tennessee Legal Studies Research Paper No. 211. Available at SSRN:


Creating and documenting new impact investment products

Sanchez, Mark C. and Tarantine, Jessica P., NYU International Transactions Clinic, Using Promissory Notes in Cross-Border Debt Financing:  A Survey of Industry Standards in Impact Investing (prepared for Developing World Markets, May 2017)

Investor Briefing:  Renewable Energy:  Managing Investors’ Risks and Responsibilities (published by Business and Human Resource Center and Sonen Capital) (April 26, 2017) Available at:

Schiff, Hannah & Dithrich, Hannah, Scaling the Use of Guarantees in U.S. Community Investing (GIIN, April 25, 2017) Available at:

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Rules of Arbitration (as of March 1, 2017) Available at:

ICC Note to Parties and Arbitral Tribunals on the Conduct of the Arbitration Under the ICC Rules of Arbitration (March 1, 2017) Available at:

Center for Global Development, Energy Access Targets Working Group:  More Than a Lightbulb:  Five Recommendations to Make Modern Energy Access Meaningful for People and Prosperity (April 12, 2016) Available at:

Lee, Kenneth et al., Appliance Ownership and Aspirations among Electric Grid and Home Solar Households in Rural Kenya (January 2016) Available at:

Burand, Deborah, Resolving Impact Investment Disputes:  When Doing Good Goes Bad, 48 Wash. U. J. L. & Pol’y 55 (2015) Available at:

IAMFI & Morgan Stanley, Charting the Course:  Best Practices and Tools for Voluntary Debt Restructurings in Microfinance (2011) Available at:

Governing impact investment funds and social enterprises

IFC – Interpretation Note on Financial Intermediaries (January 2012), last updated April 2017).  Available at:

IFC governance materials. Available at:

Ball, Alina, Social Enterprise Governance, 18 U. Penn. J. Bus. L. 919 (2016) Available at:

Tyler, John, et. al, Producing Better Mileage:  Advancing  the Design and Usefulness of Hybrid Vehicles for Social Business Ventures, 33 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 235 (2015) Available at:

Plerhoples, Alicia E., Social Enterprise as Commitment:  A Roadmap, 48 Wash. U. J. L. & Pol’y 89 (2015) Available at:

Murray, J. Haskell, Corporate Forms of Social Enterprise:  Comparing the State Statutes (January 15, 2015) Available at:

Thomson Reuters Foundation and Morrison & Foerster LLP, et al., Which Legal Structure is Right for My Social Enterprise?  A Guide to Establishing a Social Enterprise in the United States (May 2013) Available at:

Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship, The Governance of Social Enterprises:  Managing Your Organization for Success (June 2012) Available at:

Institutional Limited Partners Association (ILPA), Private Equity Principles (Version 2.0, January 2011).  Available at:

Kerr, Janet E., Sustainability Meets Profitability:  The Convenient Truth of How the Business Judgment Rule Protects A Board’s Decision to Engage in Social Entrepreneurship, 29 Cardozo L. Rev.  623 (2007) Available at:


Lunch Table Talks and More

Murray, J. Haskell, The Social Enterprise Law Market, 75 Maryland L. Rev. 541 (2016) Available at:

Murray, J. Haskell , Understanding and Improving Benefit Corporation Reporting,  Business Law Today (July 2016) Available at:

Model Benefit Corporation Legislation with Explanatory Comments (Version as of April 4, 2016) Available at:

Mind the Gap:  The University Student Venture Fund Report (Innovosource) Table of Contents Available at:

Benefit Corporation Reporting Requirements (state-by-state comparison chart), prepared by Christopher Wirth of Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP (Version as of June 10, 2015) Available at:

Mayer, Lloyd Hitoshi & Ganahl, Joseph R., Taxing Social Enterprise, 66 Stanford L. Rev. 387 (2014)
Available at:

Levitt, David A. & Chiodini, Steven R., Taking Care of Business:  Use of a For-Profit Subsidiary by a Nonprofit Organization, ABA Business Law Today (June 2014) Available at:

Blount, Justin and Nunley, Patricia, What is a “Social” Business and Why Does the Answer Matter?, 8 BROOKLYN JOURNAL OF CORPORATE, FINANCE & COMMERCIAL LAW 278 (2014) Available at:

Mittermaier, Ingrid & Neugart, Joey, Operating in Two Worlds:  Tandem Structures in Social Enterprise, The Practical Tax Lawyer 5 (Fall 2011) Available at:

Bromberger, Allen R., A New Type of Hybrid, Stanford Social Innovation Review 48-53 (Spring 2011) Available at:

Reiser, Dana Brakman, Benefit Corporations – A Sustainable Form of Organization? 46 Wake Forest L. Rev. 591 (2011) Available at:


THE CAMBRIDGE HANDBOOK OF SOCIAL ENTERPRISE LAW (Joseph Yockey & Benjamin Means, eds., Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2018)

Dana Brakman Reiser & Steven A. Dean, Social Enterprise Law: Trust, Public Benefit, and Capital Markets (Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2017) 

Alon-Beck, Anat, The Coalition Model, A Private-Public Strategic Innovation Policy Model for Encouraging Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in the Era of New Economic Challenges, Washington University Global Studies Law Review (forthcoming 2017)

Winston, Emily, Benefit Corporations and the Separation of Benefit and Control  (March 26, 2017). Cardozo Law Review (forthcoming 2017) Available at SSRN:

Social Enterprise Tracker Available at:

Crowdfunding for Entrepreneurs Available at:      

General Crowdfunding Available at:


[1] The conference organizers thank John Tyler, Evan Absher, Kathleen Garman & Anthony Luppino for generously sharing their “BIBLIOGRAPHY OF MATERIALS RE: HYBRID ENTITIES FOR SOCIAL VENTURES” (October 10, 2016).  This conference bibliography benefited from their research.