Medical Workshop: User Innovation & Knowledge Commons

NYU School of Law
May 15-17, 2014

On May 15-17, 2014, the Engelberg Center on Innovation Law & Policy at NYU School of Law will host the Medical User Innovation and Medical Knowledge Commons Workshop. This focused interdisciplinary workshop will:

  • bring together researchers studying medical and health innovation from the user innovation and knowledge commons governance approaches
  • explore potential synergies between these two groups of researchers, who bring different backgrounds, methodologies, and expertise to these issues
  • interrogate and critique the role of intellectual property in medical research and innovation in light of the potential for user innovation and knowledge commons approaches 

We will be posting additional details about the Workshop soon, so check back for more information. Questions about the Workshop may be sent to


People: Medical User Innovation

Stephen Flowers

Stephen Flowers (Steve) is the Head of the Centre for Research in Innovation Management (CENTRIM) at the University of Brighton. He directs research activity within the Centre and also leads the Open and User Innovation research theme. Over the course of his career he has made significant contributions to the development of his research area and has influenced academic, policy and professional practice in the UK and internationally. His research contribution in terms of leadership and output has also been significant and he has produced 19 peer-reviewed journal articles and reports, 4 books, 10 book chapters, 33 conference and working papers and 17 articles in the national media. In 2008 he edited a special issue on User Innovation for an international journal and in 2010 published an edited collection on the same topic (entitled ‘Perspectives on User Innovation’). He has also made a series of contributions to the development of policy positions on User Innovation and is a leading researcher in this area. His work with the National Endowment for Science and the Arts (NESTA) in the UK resulted in the publication of the report ‘The New Inventors: how users are changing the rules of innovation’. The research project that led to this report explored the scale, scope and depth of User Innovation in the UK and was the first substantive piece of policy research on User Innovation to take place in that country. Subsequent to this he has led research on the measurement of User Innovation activity by firms and consumers, and he continues to work with policy groups on these topics. Stephen has held visiting positions at the Universities of Warwick and Sussex and has undertaken projects for the OECD, the European Commission and the Institutet for Tllvaxtpolitiska Studier, Stockholm.

Christiana Iyasere

Dr. Iyasere is a graduate of Yale College and Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons. She completed her residency at MGH in internal medicine in 2005. Following her tenure as a medical resident at MGH, Dr. Iyasere undertook an administrative fellowship under the guidance of Dr. Peter Slavin, with an emphasis on technology evaluation, adoption and promotion. She subsequently went to Harvard Business School for continued management training, and finished her degree in 2008. Dr. Iyasere currently splits her time between administrative and clinical duties, and works as both an Inpatient Clinician Educator and as the Associate Director of the Innovation Support Center at MGH.  Through her work at the Innovation Support Center Dr. Iyasere helps clinician end users with novel ideas move them closer to solutions that can improve patient care.

Christian Lüthje

Christian Lüthje heads the Institute of Marketing and Innovation at Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH). Before coming to TUHH in 2008 he held the position of a tenured professor at the University of Marburg, Germany (2005-2006) and at the University of Berne, Switzerland (2006-2008). He received his PhD in Business Administration from the Ludwig-Maximilians University in Munich. Christian Lüthje specializes in the areas of Innovation Management, Marketing and Customer-Oriented Product Development. He has published in the Journal of Product Innovation Management, Research Policy, R&D Management and International Business Review. He has conducted work in a variety of corporations on market research for new products and customer integration. His expertise is in several industries, particularly in medical technology and sports equipment.

Pedro Oliveira

Pedro Oliveira is Associate Professor and Associate Dean for Research at the Católica-Lisbon School of Business and Economics. His current research interests focus on user and open innovation, with a particular emphasis on the role of patients in developing new treatments, therapies and medical devices. His research has been published in Production and Operations Management (POM), Research Policy, Organizational Research Methods, Journal of Product Innovation Management (JPIM), International Journal of Operations and Production Management, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, among other. He is Senior Editor of the Production and Operations Management (POM) journal. He is the Director of the doctoral program in Technological Change and Entrepreneurship jointly offered by Católica-Lisbon, IST and Carnegie Mellon University and the Academic Director of The Lisbon MBA program, a joint-venture between Nova SBE and Católica-Lisbon in partnership with MIT’s Sloan School of Management He is also director of several executive education programs including: the Advanced Program in Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management (PAEGI), the Advanced Management Program for Telecommunications and Information Technologies (PAGETTI), the Program for the Acceleration of Entrepreneurial Ventures and the Supply Chain Management program. Pedro is the Principal Investigator (PI) of several research projects funded by the Portuguese Science and Technology Foundation (FCT), the Peter Pribilla Foundation (Germany) and the EC. Previously Pedro was Project Leader for Creative Commons PT and advisor to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education. He is the Co-Founder of PPL Crowdfunding and the Founder and Project Leader of Patient Innovation. Pedro received his Ph.D. in Operations, Technology and Innovation Management from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and both his M.Sc. in Operations Research and Systems Engineering and his licenciatura in Naval Engineering from Instituto Superior Técnico (IST). He was an International Faculty Fellow at the MIT Sloan School of Management.

Glenn Saxe

Dr. Saxe is the Arnold Simon Professor and Chair of the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at New York University School of Medicine and the Director of the Child Study Center at NYU Langone Medical Center. Dr. Saxe is a physician-scientist with a focus on the psychiatric consequences of traumatic events in children and on factors that contribute to children’s risk and resilience in the face of adversity. He is responsible for publishing some of the first studies of childhood Acute Stress Disorder (ASD), as well as initial findings of bio-behavioral risk and resiliency factors in children exposed to traumatic events. In recent years, Dr. Saxe’s research has integrated methods from complex systems science and informatics in the study of childhood risk and resilience. Dr. Saxe has applied his work in systems science to the development of interventions. He is the principle developer of Trauma Systems Therapy (TST), a treatment model for traumatized children and families, designed to be integrated into usual systems of care.  Currently, TST is used in 23 programs through 14 agencies across 11 states.  The manual for TST, Collaborative Treatment of Traumatized Children and Teens: the Trauma Systems Therapy Approach was published in 2006 by Guilford Press and was recently translated into Korean.   Dr. Saxe assumed his current position in October 2010.  Prior to joining NYU he was the Associate Chief of Psychiatry for Research and Development at Boston Children’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School. Dr. Saxe received his undergraduate degree from McGill University and his medical degree from McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.  He completed residency training in psychiatry at Massachusetts Mental Health Center, a fellowship in traumatic stress disorders at Massachusetts General Hospital, and a fellowship in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at Cambridge Hospital in Boston.

Sonali Shah

Sonali K. Shah is an Assistant Professor at the University of Washington.  Her research examines how managers can harness the power and creativity of innovation communities to increase their organization’s chances of commercializing highly profitable and breakthrough products.  Innovation communities are composed of individuals who voluntarily come together to create new products and services outside the walls of firms and research institutions.  They are the source of important and frequent innovations in a number of industries - ranging from automobiles to software and medical devices to sports equipment.  She is currently studying the processes by which new products, markets, and industries emerge.  Her research is supported by grants from the Ewing Marion Kauffman and Alfred P. Sloan Foundations. Dr. Shah has received numerous awards for her research, most notably an Alfred P. Sloan Industry Studies Foundation Fellowship (2008-2010), the Thought Leader Award from the Academy of Management (2008 and 2010), a Best Paper Award from the Kauffman Foundation (2010) and the Best Paper Prize from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation (2006).  Her research has been published in Management Science, Organization Science, Research Policy, and other journals.  Dr. Shah received her Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  Prior to completing graduate school, she worked with technology clients at Morgan Stanley & Co. and at McKinsey & Co.  As a graduate student, she volunteered with the American Red Cross, focusing on issues related to refugee resettlement and education.  She graduated magna cum laude from the University of Pennsylvania with a B.S.E. in Biomedical Engineering and a B.S.E. in Economics from the Wharton School.  While a student, she competed in intercollegiate sailing, served as editor-in-chief of a literary magazine, and studied abroad at Stockholms Universitet in Sweden.

Sheryl Winston Smith

Dr. Sheryl Winston Smith is Assistant Professor of Strategic Management at the Fox School of Business at Temple University. Her research elucidates the nexus of strategic management, entrepreneurship and innovation. Currently, her focus is on the relationship between entrepreneurial strategy and financing in new firms and subsequent performance; the role of corporate venture in innovation and competitive strategy; and the significance of intellectual property and prior knowledge in firm performance. She is the recipient of several grants and fellowships, including support from the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation for research on new firm performance. She served on the Program Committee of the 2011 Industry Studies Conference and was Chair of the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Track. She received the Kauffman Foundation Best Paper Prize at the Strategic Management Society Annual Meeting in Rome, 2010 and the Kauffman Foundation Promising Paper Award in 2011. Prior to coming to the Fox School of Business, she pursued postdoctoral work at the Sloan School of Management, MIT and at the Carlson School of Management, University of Minnesota. She also was awarded a Rotary Foundation Fellowship to study innovation in the Czech Republic. She received her Ph.D. from Harvard University and her B.S. from Yale University. At the Fox School of Business she is on the Advisory Board of Mid-Atlantic Diamond Ventures, a year-round venture forum and entrepreneurship-advisory program. Prior to her PhD work, she served as a research analyst for the U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment.

Katherine Strandburg

Katherine Strandburg concentrates her teaching and research in the areas of patent law and innovation policy and information privacy law. She is particularly interested in understanding how the law in these areas might accommodate and reflect the importance of collaborative and emergent collective behavior. Prior to coming to NYU, Prof. Strandburg was Professor of Law at DePaul University College of Law. She has been a visiting professor at NYU, Fordham, and Illinois law schools. Professor Strandburg obtained her law degree from the University of Chicago Law School with high honors in 1995 and served as a law clerk to the Honorable Richard D. Cudahy of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. She is an experienced litigator, is licensed to practice before the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and has authored several amicus briefs to the Supreme Court and Federal Circuit Court of Appeals dealing with patent law issues. She is past Chair of the AALS Section on Intellectual Property.

Prior to her legal career, Professor Strandburg was a research physicist at Argonne National Laboratory, having received her Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1984 and conducted postdoctoral research at Carnegie Mellon. She was a visiting faculty member of the physics department at Northwestern University from 1990-1992

Christoph Stockstrom

Christoph S. Stockstrom is a post-doctoral researcher at the Institute of Innovation Marketing at Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH). He holds a Ph.D. from Hamburg University of Technology. His research focuses on user innovation and customer-oriented product development.

Andrew Torrance

Professor Andrew W. Torrance is a Docking Faculty Scholar at Kansas University. He has served various campuses as a visiting professor and scholar at the University of Washington School of Law and the MIT Sloan School of Management, respectively.  He has given a Google Tech Talk, and been featured in prominent news outlets.  Professor Torrance has advised the National Academies on intellectual property, standard-setting, synthetic biology, and deextinction issues. He received his Ph.D. in biology from Harvard University in 1997 and is a 2000 graduate of Harvard Law School. He earned his Bachelor of Science from Queen’s University in Canada.  Torrance practiced biotechnology patent law at Fish and Richardson PC, the world’s largest intellectual property law firm, after working as a summer associate at both Morrison & Foerster LLC and Fish & Richardson P.C. Next, he served as in-house patent counsel at Inverness Medical Innovations, a global biotechnology company with headquarters in Boston, and helped start Stirling Medical Innovations, a cardiac diagnostics biotechnology company based in Scotland.

Eroc Von Hippel

Eric von Hippel is T. Wilson Professor of Innovation Management, and also Professor of Engineering Systems at MIT.  von Hippel's academic research examines the sources and economics of innovation. His most recent book, "Democratizing Innovation" (MIT Press, 2005) is available free on the web (

Michael Zaggl

Michael Zaggl is a Postdoctoral Researcher in Technology and Innovation Management at Technische Universität München. He holds a PhD in Computational Economics and an MSc and BSc in Information Management. Computer-based simulation, in particular agent-based modeling, is his main research method. His research focuses on collaborative innovation, free revealing, and cooperation.


People: Medical Knowledge Commons

Ryan Abbott

Ryan Abbott, M.D., J.D., M.T.O.M., is Associate Professor of Law at Southwestern Law School and Visiting Assistant Professor of Medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. He has served as a consultant on health care financing and regulation, intellectual property, and public health for international organizations, academic institutions and private enterprises including the World Health Organization and World Intellectual Property Organization. Professor Abbott has published widely on issues associated with health care law and intellectual property protection in legal, medical, and scientific peer-reviewed journals. Professor Abbott is a licensed physician, attorney, and acupuncturist. He is a graduate of the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the Yale Law School, as well as a Summa Cum Laude graduate from Emperor's College (MTOM) and a Summa Cum Laude graduate from University of California, Los Angeles (BS). Professor Abbott has been the recipient of numerous research fellowships, scholarships and awards, and has served as Principal Investigator of biomedical research studies at University of California. He is a registered patent attorney with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and a member of the California and New York State Bars.

Stefan Bechtold

Stefan Bechtold is a Global Professor at New York University School of Law (spring 2014), and professor of intellectual property at ETH Zurich, Switzerland. He was a Senior Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, a Visiting Scholar at the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Amsterdam and the University of Munich, as well as a Visiting Professor at the University of Haifa. He is a member of the Academic Advisory Board of the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, advising the ministry on all issues of economic policy. Stefan Bechtold's research interests include intellectual property, law and technology, telecommunications law, and antitrust law, as well as law & economics. He has published in journals such as the American Journal of Comparative Law, the Communications of the ACM, the Journal of Law, Economics & Organization, and various European law journals. In his youth, Mr. Bechtold composed numerous orchestral and chamber music works which have been awarded several composition prizes and have been repeatedly performed and broadcast. Stefan Bechtold is a graduate of the University of Tübingen School of Law, Germany, and of Stanford Law School (JSM 2002).

Michael Burstein

Professor Burstein’s research focuses on the institutional structures - both private and public - that shape innovation. He is interested primarily in the intersections between intellectual property and both corporate law and public law. Professor Burstein has previously written about the administrative structure of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. He is currently working on projects to clarify the law of patent standing, and to develop insights into how private and public sector actors can make effective use of prizes for innovation. Before joining the Cardozo faculty, Professor Burstein was a Climenko Fellow at Harvard Law School. Following law school, Professor Burstein clerked for Judge A. Raymond Randolph of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, and served as a Bristow Fellow in the Office of the Solicitor General, U.S. Department of Justice. He also practiced appellate litigation and telecommunications law at Kellogg, Huber, Hansen, Todd, Evans & Figel in Washington, D.C., and worked as a management consultant at McKinsey & Company. Professor Burstein received a B.A. in Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, and Ethics, Politics and Economics from Yale University, and a J.D. magna cum laude from the New York University School of Law.

Margaret Chon

Since joining the Seattle University School of Law faculty in 1996, Margaret Chon has been an active scholar and teacher of intellectual property and critical theory. She is currently the Donald & Lynda Horowitz Professor for the Pursuit of Justice, and formerly Associate Dean for Research. She is the author of over fifty articles, book chapters and review essays on both intellectual property and on race. Professor Chon explores the global governance dimensions of intellectual property, especially their distributional consequences and social justice implications. Her most immediate research projects include examining the role of certification marks in ensuring quality through global value networks, and exploring the role of public private partnerships in providing access to IP-protected goods. She has been affiliated with numerous institutions, including most recently New York University School of Law, where she was a 2011-12 Senior Global Emile Noël Research Fellow at the Jean Monnet Center for International and Regional Economic Law & Justice. In addition, she has been a visiting law professor at Munich Intellectual Property Law Center associated with the Max Planck Institute in Munich and the George Washington University Law School, University of Hawaii School of Law, the University of Michigan Law School, Notre Dame Law School, the University of Washington School of Law, as well as Lund University and Jilin University. Throughout her professional career, Professor Chon has been and continues to be active in various community and professional organizations, both nationally and internationally.

Jorge Contreras

Jorge Contreras currently teaches in the areas of intellectual property transactions, law and science, and property law. His research focuses primarily on the effects of intellectual property structures on the dissemination and production of technological innovation, with a focus on basic scientific research and technical standards development. He has studied these effects in industries ranging from genomics and bioinformatics to sustainable building materials, telecommunications and computer networking. Professor Contreras is Co-Chair of the National Conference of Lawyers and Scientists (NCLS) and Co-Chair of the American Bar Association Section of Science & Technology Law’s Committee on Technical Standardization. He serves as a member of the Advisory Council of NIH’s National Center for Advancing Translational Science (NCATS) and the National Academy of Science’s Committee on Intellectual Property Management in Standard-Setting Processes. He previously served as a member of the Council of the National Human Genome Research Institute at NIH (NHGRI). Professor Contreras is the editor of the Technical Standards Patent Policy Manual (ABA Publishing: Chicago, 2007) and has written numerous articles, book chapters and blog postings relating to intellectual property and standards development. Prior to joining the faculty of American University, Professor Contreras was a Senior Lecturer and Acting Director of the Intellectual Property Program at Washington University in St. Louis and a partner at the international law firm of Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr LLP. He is a graduate of Harvard Law School (JD) and Rice University (BA, BSEE).

Brett Frischmann

Brett Frischmann is the director of the Cardozo Intellectual Property and Information Law Program. His expertise is in intellectual property and Internet law, and in particular the relationships between infrastructural resources, property rights, commons, and spillovers. He recently published Infrastructure: The Social Value of Shared Resources with Oxford University Press, which devotes much needed attention to understanding how society benefits from infrastructure resources and how management decisions affect a wide variety of interests. Professor Frischmann is a prolific author, whose articles have appeared in Columbia Law Review, Cornell Law Review, University of Chicago Law Review, and Review of Law and Economics. After clerking for the Honorable Fred I. Parker of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and practicing at Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering in Washington, DC, he joined the Loyola University, Chicago law faculty in 2002. He has held visiting appointments at Cornell and Fordham. Professor Frischmann holds a B.A. in Astrophysics from Columbia University, an M.S. in Earth Resources Engineering from Columbia University, and a J.D. from the Georgetown University Law Center. He is an Affiliate Scholar of the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School, and he blogs at

Stephen Groft

Through his work with a community that often feels isolated, Stephen C. Groft, Pharm.D., has helped give thousands of rare disease patients and their families renewed hope and a collective voice. A public servant for more than four decades and a tireless advocate for rare diseases research, Groft is recognized by many as a luminary and true champion of rare diseases research. Groft’s journey, which includes many major milestones, started on a personal note. "Growing up in the 1950s, I had friends and neighbors who were stricken with diseases that had few or no effective treatments," Groft said. "Some of the diseases of our time that I witnessed firsthand included cystic fibrosis, leukemia, brain tumors, Marfan syndrome, muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, polio, multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease." These personal connections led him to a career at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and NIH, where he worked to prioritize rare diseases research and orphan product development. Along the way, he also served in a variety of advisory roles to national leaders, including congressional and White House representatives, allowing him to influence the national agenda on rare diseases research.

Amy Kapczynski

Amy Kapczynski is an Associate Professor of Law at Yale Law School and director of the Global Health Justice Partnership. She joined the Yale Law faculty in January 2012. Her areas of research including information policy, intellectual property law, international law, and global health. Prior to coming to Yale, she taught at the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law. She also served as a law clerk to Justices Sandra Day O'Connor and Stephen G. Breyer at the U.S. Supreme Court, and to Judge Guido Calabresi on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. She received her A.B. from Princeton University, M. Phil. from Cambridge University, M.A. from Queen Mary and Westfield College at University of London, and J.D. from Yale Law School.

Maja Larson

Maja Larson has been General Counsel at the Allen Institute since 2007.   She oversees the legal, regulatory compliance, grants management and risk management functions.  Prior to joining the Allen Institute, Larson was vice president and associate general counsel at Expedia, Inc. and an associate in the corporate & securities group at Preston Gates & Ellis (now K&L Gates).  She has worked for a publicly traded shipyard overseeing a broad range of matters, for an international franchisor overseeing franchisee compliance, and in the finance department of a manufacturing company working on SEC reporting.  Early in her career, Larson was a probate paralegal.  Larson is active volunteer in the Seattle community.  She is a regular speaker on panels and in classrooms on topics including the practice of law in nonprofit organizations, cultivating leadership skills, and protecting IP in the research setting.  She is an adjunct professor at Seattle University School of law and mentor for students in the Entrepreneurial Law Clinic at the University of Washington.  She has also been involved in many local nonprofit organizations in various capacities, including board member, officer, volunteer, group leader and pro-bono attorney.  Larson has a BA in Sociology from the University of Washington and a JD from Seattle University School of Law.

Peter Lee

Peter Lee graduated from Yale Law School, where he was a member of The Yale Law Journal and a student director of the international human rights clinic. He joined the King Hall faculty after clerking for Judge Barry G. Silverman of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. He received his undergraduate degree from Harvard University, where he studied the history and philosophy of science. Professor Lee has continued to examine the intersection of science and society in his legal research, which explores the patent system's impact on scientific and technological progress. In a related vein, Professor Lee's work has also addressed the broader question of how intellectual property affects the creation and dissemination of ideas.

Michael Madison

Michael J. Madison is a Professor of Law and Faculty Director of the Innovation Practice Institute at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.  He specializes in the law, policy, and theory of intellectual property, with a particular interest in copyright law, and in the study of commons.  He is the co-author (with Craig Nard and Mark McKenna) of The Law of Intellectual Property, a casebook published by Wolters Kluwer in its fourth edition in 2014, and the co-editor (with Brett Frischmann and Katherine Strandburg) of Governing Knowledge Commons, forthcoming from Oxford University Press.  A complete biography and list of scholarship can be found at He tweets at @profmadison.

Michael Mattioli

Michael Mattioli is an Associate Professor of Law at the Indiana University Maurer School of Law in Bloomington. There, he teaches courses in Intellectual Property, and Contracts. Mattioli's research examines how new forms of knowledge-sharing and collective licensing influence patenting, industrial organization, and the process of innovation itself. Mattioli’s most recent work explores the nexus between these themes and big data. A list of his recent and forthcoming publications can be found at Before coming to Maurer Law in 2012, Mattioli was the 2011-12 Microsoft Research Fellow at the Berkeley Center for Law and Technology at UC Berkeley School of Law and the 2010-11 Postdoctoral Fellow in Law, Economics, and Technology at the University of Michigan Law School.

Laura Pedraza-Fariña

Laura Pedraza Fariña joined the Northwestern faculty in 2013 as an Assistant Professor of Law.  She is also a faculty affiliate of the Science in Human Culture Program at Northwestern.  She received her J.D. from Harvard Law School and her Ph.D. in Genetics from Yale University.  Her research interests include intellectual property, patent law, and international organizations.  Her scholarship on intellectual property law uses the methodology of history and sociology of science and technology to analyze and inform the design of patent law.  Her most recent work, Patent Law and the Sociology of Innovation, which argues that the design of patent law should take into account how social forces both impede and incentivize innovation, was published in the Wisconsin Law Review in 2013.

Arti Rai

Arti Rai, Elvin R. Latty Professor of Law and co-Director, Duke Law Center for Innovation Policy, is an internationally recognized expert in intellectual property (IP) law, administrative law, and health policy. Rai has also taught at Harvard, Yale, and the University of Pennsylvania law schools.  Rai's research on IP law and policy in biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, and software has been funded by NIH, the Kauffman Foundation, and the Woodrow Wilson Center. Her publications have appeared in both peer-reviewed journals and law reviews, including Science, the New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of Legal Studies, Nature Biotechnology, and the Columbia, Georgetown, and Northwestern law reviews. She is the editor of Intellectual Property Law and Biotechnology: Critical Concepts (Edward Elgar, 2011) and the co-author of a 2012 Kauffman Foundation monograph on cost-effective health care innovation. From 2009-2010, Rai served as the Administrator of the Office of External Affairs at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). As External Affairs Administrator, Rai led policy analysis of the patent reform legislation that ultimately became the America Invents Act and worked to establish the USPTO’s Office of the Chief Economist. Prior to that time, she had served on President-Elect Obama’s transition team reviewing the USPTO.  Prior to entering academia, Rai clerked for the Honorable Marilyn Hall Patel of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California; was a litigation associate at Jenner & Block (doing patent litigation as well as other litigation); and was a litigator at the Federal Programs Branch of the U.S. Department of Justice's Civil Division. Rai regularly testifies before Congress and relevant administrative bodies on IP law and policy issues and regularly advises federal agencies on IP policy issues raised by the research that they fund. She is a member of the National Advisory Council for Human Genome Research and of an Expert Advisory Council to the Defense Advanced Projects Research Agency (DARPA). Rai is a public member of the Administrative Conference of the United States, a member of the American Law Institute, and co-chair of the IP Committee of the Administrative Law Section of the ABA. Rai is currently a member of the Institute of Medicine Committee on Strategies for Responsible Sharing of Clinical Trial Data and has served on, or as a reviewer for, numerous National Academies of Science committees. In 2011, Rai won the World Technology Network Award for Law. Rai graduated from Harvard College, magna cum laude, with a degree in biochemistry and history (history and science), attended Harvard Medical School for the 1987-1988 academic year, and received her J.D., cum laude, from Harvard Law School in 1991. 

Jerome Reichman

Jerome H. Reichman is the Bunyan S. Womble Professor of Law at Duke University School of Law, Durham, North Carolina.  He has written and lectured widely on diverse aspects of intellectual property law, including comparative and international intellectual property and the connection between intellectual property and international trade laws. His articles in this area particularly address problems that developing countries face in implementing the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement).  He is consultant to numerous intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations, a member of the Board of Editors for the Journal of International Economic Law, and of the Scientific Advisory Board of Il Diritto di Autore (Rome). He is a graduate of the University of Chicago, where he was a Hutchins Scholar and an early entrant.  He is also a graduate of Yale Law School.  He worked for the UN in Geneva in the 1970s and then taught at Ohio State and at Vanderbilt.  He has taught at Duke for the last 13 years. In collaboration with Keith Maskus, he published INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC GOODS AND TRANSFER OF TECHNOLOGY UNDER A GLOBALIZED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY REGIME (Cambridge Press, 2005).   Among his most recent publications in this area are Intellectual Property in the 21st Century: Will Developing Countries Lead or Follow? (2009); Compulsory Licensing of Patented Pharmaceutical Inventions: Evaluating the Options (2009); Rethinking the Role of Clinical Trial Data in International Intellectual Property Law: The Case for a Public Goods Approach (2009);  Harmonization Without Consensus: Critical Reflections on Drafting a Substantive Patent Law Treaty (2007) (co-authored with Prof. Rochelle Dreyfuss); and The Doha Round’s Public Health Legacy: Strategies for the Production and Diffusion of Patented Medicines Under the Amended TRIPS Provisions (2007) (co-authored with Prof. Fred Abbott). He is currently working on a book entitled DESIGNING GLOBAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY STRATEGIES FOR THE MICROBIAL RESEARCH COMMONS:  GOVERNING DIGITALLY INTEGRATED GENETIC RESOURCES, DATA AND LITERATURE (co-authored with Tom Dedeurwaerdere and Paul Uhlir, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2013). Much of his work deals with International Intellectual Property Law, with special reference to the problems of developing countries and also on the impact of IP on global public health.

Katherine Strandburg

Katherine Strandburg concentrates her teaching and research in the areas of patent law and innovation policy and information privacy law. She is particularly interested in understanding how the law in these areas might accommodate and reflect the importance of collaborative and emergent collective behavior. Prior to coming to NYU, Prof. Strandburg was Professor of Law at DePaul University College of Law. She has been a visiting professor at NYU, Fordham, and Illinois law schools. Professor Strandburg obtained her law degree from the University of Chicago Law School with high honors in 1995 and served as a law clerk to the Honorable Richard D. Cudahy of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. She is an experienced litigator, is licensed to practice before the United States Patent and Trademark Office, and has authored several amicus briefs to the Supreme Court and Federal Circuit Court of Appeals dealing with patent law issues. She is past Chair of the AALS Section on Intellectual Property.

Prior to her legal career, Professor Strandburg was a research physicist at Argonne National Laboratory, having received her Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1984 and conducted postdoctoral research at Carnegie Mellon. She was a visiting faculty member of the physics department at Northwestern University from 1990-1992.

Liza Vertinsky

Liza Vertinsky joined the Emory Law faculty in the fall of 2007, after a decade of legal practice focusing on intellectual property transactions.  She builds on a practical background of assisting entrepreneurs, emerging companies and universities with strategic issues involving the development, acquisition and leveraging of intellectual property to address contemporary issues involving IP licensing and technology transfer.  Her areas of expertise include intellectual property, innovation, the intersection of IP and global health, and law and economics.  Her research program is motivated by a deep interest in how legal rules – particularly patent law and contract law – influence the ways in which individuals and groups organize their economic activities.  She initially pursued this interest during PhD research on the economic organization of non-traditional groups such as street gangs.  Since coming to Emory she has focused primarily on how patent laws and policies impact the organization of economic activities in ways that either facilitate or impede innovation.  She is particularly interested in exploring the institutional environments within which alternative forms of intellectual production take place.  Professor Vertinsky clerked for Judge Stanley Marcus, first for the U.S. District Court in the Southern District of Florida and then for the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals.   Education: JD, Harvard Law School, 1997; MA, Economics, University of British Columbia, 1992; PhD, Economics, Harvard University, 1997.


People: NYU School of Law

Barton Beebe

Barton Beebe’s multifaceted scholarship engages in the cultural, empirical, and doctrinal analysis of intellectual property law. His recent published work includes “Intellectual Property Law and the Sumptuary Code” in the Harvard Law Review, “An Empirical Study of U.S. Copyright Fair Use Opinions, 1978-2005,” in the University of Pennsylvania Law Review, “An Empirical Study of the Multifactor Tests for Trademark Infringement” in the California Law Review, and “Search and Persuasion in Trademark Law” in the Michigan Law Review. In 2007, Beebe served as a special master in Louis Vuitton Malletier v. Dooney & Bourke, Inc., a significant trademark infringement case in the US District Court for the Southern District of New York. Beebe received his BA, Phi Beta Kappa, from the University of Chicago; his PhD in English from Princeton University, where he was a Whiting Fellow in the Humanities; and his JD from Yale Law School, where he was an articles editor for the Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities and an editor of the Yale Law Journal. In 2002, he clerked for Judge Denise Cote of the US District Court for the Southern District of New York.

Rochelle Dreyfuss

Rochelle Cooper Dreyfuss is the Pauline Newman Professor of Law at New York University School of Law and the Co-Director of the Engelberg Center on Innovation Law & Policy. She holds B.A. and M.S. degrees in Chemistry and spent several years as a research chemist before entering Columbia University School of Law, where she served as Articles and Book Review Editor of the Law Review. After graduating, she was a law clerk to Chief Judge Wilfred Feinberg of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and to Chief Justice Warren Burger of the U.S. Supreme Court. She is a member of the American Law Institute and served as a Reporter for its Project on Intellectual Property: Principles Governing Jurisdiction, Choice of Law, and Judgments in Transnational Disputes. She also sits on the National Academy of Science's Committee on Science, Technology and Law. Professor Dreyfuss was a consultant to the Federal Courts Study Committee, to the Presidential Commission on Catastrophic Nuclear Accidents, and to the Federal Trade Commission. She served on the National Academy of Sciences' Committees on Intellectual Property in Genomic and Protein Research and Innovation and on Intellectual Property Rights in the Knowledge-Based Economy, on the Secretary of the Department of Health & Human Service's Advisory Committee on Genetics, Health, and Society, and on BNA's Advisory Board to USPQ. She is a past chair of the Intellectual Property Committee of the American Association of Law Schools. She was the Thomas Christensen Fellow at St. Catherine’s College, Oxford University, the Yong Shook Lin Visiting Professor of Intellectual Property Law at the National University of Singapore, and has visited at The University of Chicago Law School, University of Washington School of Law, and Santa Clara University Law School. In addition to articles in her specialty areas, she has co-authored casebooks on civil procedure and intellectual property law.

Susy Frankel

Susy Frankel is Professor of Law and Director of the New Zealand Centre of International Economic Law, at Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. She is also Chair of the Copyright Tribunal (NZ). She is a member of the Executive Committee of Association for the Advancement of Teaching and Research in Intellectual Property (ATRIP) and of the editorial boards of Journal of World Intellectual Property, Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property and the University of Western Australia Law Review. She has published widely on the nexus between international intellectual property and trade law, and particularly focusing on international treaty interpretation and the protection of traditional knowledge. Susy’s research expertise extends to regulatory theory and particularly the impacts of international trade of regulatory autonomy over knowledge assets and innovation. Susy holds an appointment as a Neutral for the World Intellectual Property Organization Arbitration and Mediation Centre, Geneva, Switzerland. She has previously been an Assistant Commissioner of Trade Marks, Patents and Designs for the Intellectual Property Office of New Zealand, 1998-2006. In that capacity she acted as an independent Hearings Officer, mostly relating to trade mark oppositions. She was specialist intellectual property adviser to the Waitangi Tribunal on the claim brought against the New Zealand  government by Maori about the protection of traditional knowledge and Maori intellectual property.  Susy qualified as Barrister and Solicitor of the High Court of New Zealand in 1988 and as a Solicitor of England & Wales in 1991 and has practised law in both jurisdictions.

Jeanne Fromer

Jeanne Fromer, who teaches in the areas of intellectual property and contracts, joined the NYU School of Law faculty in Fall 2012. She specializes in intellectual property and information law, with particular emphasis on unified theories of copyright and patent law. Fromer previously taught at Fordham University School of Law, joining its faculty in 2007. After graduating summa cum laude from Columbia University’s Barnard College in 1996 with a BA in computer science, she went on to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where she earned an SM in electrical engineering and computer science in 1999, doing research work in artificial intelligence and computational linguistics and working at AT&T (Bell) Laboratories in those same areas. Fromer was both a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow and an AT&T Laboratories Graduate Research Fellow. At Harvard Law School, she earned a JD magna cum laude in 2002. Subsequently she was an associate at Hale and Dorr, a clerk for both Judge Robert Sack of the US Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Justice David Souter of the US Supreme Court, a resident fellow of the Yale Law School Information Society Project, and an Alexander Fellow at NYU Law. Along with Professor Oren Bar-Gill, Fromer was awarded the American Law Institute’s inaugural Young Scholars Medal in 2011 for her intellectual property scholarship.

Jason Schultz

Jason M. Schultz is an Associate Professor of Clinical Law and Director of NYU's Technology Law & Policy Clinic. His clinical projects, research, and writing primarily focus on the ongoing struggles to balance intellectual property and privacy law with the public interest in free expression, access to knowledge, and innovation in light of new technologies and the challenges they pose. Prior to joining NYU, Prof. Schultz was an Assistant Clinical Professor of Law and Director of the Samuelson Law, Technology & Public Policy Clinic at the UC Berkeley School of Law (Boalt Hall). Before joining Boalt Hall, he was a Senior Staff Attorney at the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), one of the leading digital rights groups in the world and before that practiced intellectual property law at the firm of Fish & Richardson, P.C. He also served as a clerk to the Honorable D. Lowell Jensen of the Northern District of California. He is a member of the American Law Institute.


Abstracts of Workshop participants are available for download HERE

If you are having trouble printing, you can download a lower resolution version of the abstracts HERE.

Full Papers

Michael Burstein: Understanding the Role of Venture Finance in the Biomedical Commons

Stephen Flowers: Medical User Innovation in the Context of Chronic Disease: the Creation of Helminthic Therapy

Brett Frischmann & Katherine Strandburg: The Rare Diseases Clinical Research Network and the Urea Cycle Disorders Consortium as Nested Knowledge Commons

Peter Lee: Centralization, Fragmentation, and Replication in the Genomic Data Commons

Michael Mattioli: CancerLinQ: Anatomy of a Big Data Pool (extended abstract)

Laura Pedraza-Fariña: Engineering Collaboration: The NIH Interdisciplinary Research Program Consortia as a Constructed Knowledge Commons(extended abstract)

Katherine Strandburg: Derogatory to Professional Character? User Innovation and Physician Patenting Norms

Liza Vertinsky: Public-Private Partnerships to Find a Cure for Alzheimer’s Disease: In Pursuit of Hybrid Knowledge Commons

Eric von Hippel: Market Failure in the Diffusion of User Innovations: The Case of 'Off-Label' Innovations by Medical Clinicians

Michael Zaggl: A General Model of Intellectual Property Systems Based on Social Norms