Information Law Institute


Helen Nissenbaum (Director)

Helen Nissenbaum is Professor of Media, Culture and Communication, and Computer Science, at New York University, where she is also Director of the Information Law Institute. Her work spans social, ethical, and political dimensions of information technology and digital media. She has written and edited eight books, including Privacy, Big Data and the Public Good: Frameworks for Engagement, with J. Lane, V. Stodden and S. Bender (Cambridge, 2014), Values at Play in Digital Games, with M. Flanagan (MIT Press, 2014), and Privacy in Context: Technology, Policy, and the Integrity of Social Life (Stanford, 2010) and her research publications have appeared in journals of philosophy, politics, law, media studies, information studies, and computer science.


Katherine Strandburg (Faculty Fellow)

Katherine Strandburg specializes in innovation policy and information privacy law, focusing on the interplay between social behavior and technological change.  She has authored amicus briefs to the Supreme Court and federal appellate courts on these issues. Recent publications include a First Amendment critique of “metadata" surveillance and the co-edited book, Governing Knowledge Commons.  Professor Strandburg graduated with high honors from the University of Chicago Law School and served as a law clerk to the Honorable Richard D. Cudahy of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Prior to her legal career, she was a physicist at Argonne National Laboratory, having received her Ph.D. from Cornell University and conducted postdoctoral research at Carnegie Mellon.

Florencia Marotta-Wurgler

Florencia Marotta-Wurgler (Faculty Fellow)

Florencia Marotta-Wurgler teaches and does research on Internet and consumer standard form contracts, and privacy. Her published research has addressed online standard form contracting with delayed disclosure, contracting in the presence of seller market power, and dispute resolution clauses in consumer standard form contracts. Her work also documents the extremely low readership rate of standard form contracts by consumers and discusses implications for regulation of standard terms, such as the effectiveness of mandated disclosure regimes. Her current research focuses on a large empirical project on online privacy policies, disclosure, and the effectiveness of the Federal Trade Commission's enforcement actions against firms for privacy violations.

Ira Rubinstein (Senior Faculty Fellow)

Ira Rubinstein is a Senior Fellow at the Information Law Institute (ILI), NYU School of Law, and teaches courses in privacy law. His research interests include Internet privacy, surveillance, big data, and Internet security. Rubinstein lectures and publishes widely on issues of privacy and security and has testified before Congress on these topics five times. He previously spent 17 years in Microsoft's law department, most recently as Associate General Counsel, running the Regulatory Affairs and Public Policy group. In 2010, he joined the Board of Directors of the Center for Democracy and Technology. Rubinstein graduated from Yale Law School in 1985.

Jason Schultz

Jason Schultz (Faculty Fellow)

Jason M. Schultz is a Professor of Clinical Law and Director of NYU's Technology Law & Policy Clinic. His clinical projects, research, and writing primarily focus on the ongoing struggles to balance intellectual property and privacy law with the public interest in free expression, access to knowledge, and innovation in light of new technologies and the challenges they pose.

Kate Crawford

Kate Crawford (Senior Research Fellow)

Kate Crawford is a Visiting Professor at MIT's Center for Civic Media, a Principal Researcher at Microsoft Research, and a Senior Fellow at NYU's Information Law Institute. She has published widely on the social impacts of big data, and is currently writing a new book on data and power for Yale University Press. Kate was selected as a Rockefeller Foundation Bellagio fellow in 2013, where she worked on issues to do with big data, ethics and communities. She is on the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Data-Driven Development, and she is a co-director of the NSF-funded Council for Big Data, Ethics & Society.

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Kiel Brennan-Marquez (Research Fellow)

Kiel Brennan-Marquez is a postdoctoral research fellow in the Information Law Institute at New York University. His research examines how courts respond to technological change and shifting social norms in the context of constitutional privacy. His recent work focuses, in particular, on the question of private action and state agency. In broad strokes, he thinks the capacity of private actors - such as internet service providers - to perform ongoing and widespread surveillance today frustrates the traditional rule that only government officials can violate the Fourth and Fifth Amendment. Kiel holds a BA in religious studies from Pomona College, and a JD from Yale Law School. He was previously resident fellow at the Information Society Project (at Yale Law School), and a law clerk to Hon. Shira A. Scheindlin of the Southern District of New York.

Seda Gürses (Research Fellow)

Seda Gürses is a post-doctoral research fellow in the Media, Culture and Communications Department working on privacy, security, surveillance studies and requirements engineering. She is also a member of the Intel ISTC Center on Social Computing. Previously Seda was a post-doctoral researcher at COSIC (Computer Security and Industrial Cryptography) in the Department of Electrical Engineering of the KU Leuven, where she acted as the coordinator of the interdisciplinary project SPION (Security and Privacy in Online Social Networks) funded by the Flemish Agency for Innovation in Science and Technology (IWT). Seda received her PhD at the Department of Computer Science of the KU Leuven, her Master's degree in Informatics at the Humboldt University Berlin (Germany), her B.S. in Mathematics and BA in International Relations and Peace from the University of Redlands in the USA. 

Yafit Lev-Aretz (Research Fellow)

Yafit Lev-Aretz is a postdoctoral research fellow in the Information Law Institute at New York University.  Her research studies the intersection of technology and finance, including legal and policy challenges in the age of fintech and the use of big data for financial ranking.  As the digital environment constantly evolves, Yafit also looks into private regimes set by corporate players in response to technological changes and the legal vacuum they create.  Previously, Yafit was an intellectual property fellow at the Kernochan Center for the Law, Media, and the Arts at Columbia University, where she analyzed Internet practices from a copyright law and trademark law perspective.  Yafit holds an SJD from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, an LLM from Columbia Law School, and an LLB from Bar-Ilan University in Israel.

Karen Levy  (Research Fellow)

Karen Levy is a postdoctoral research associate in the Media, Culture, and Communications Department and in the Information Law Institute at New York University. Karen investigates how digital tools are used to enforce laws and rules, with a particular interest in the normalization of electronic surveillance within social and organizational settings, including homes and workplaces. Her research explores how digital monitoring changes social norms around accountability, discretion, and trust. Karen's dissertation work investigates how long-haul truckers in the United States contend with legal and organizational surveillance of their work practices. Karen holds a JD from Indiana University Maurer School of Law and a PhD in Sociology from Princeton University. She is also a fellow at the Data and Society Research Institute.

Daniel Susser  (Research Fellow)

Daniel Susser is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at San Jose State University and a research fellow at the Information Law Institute. He works at the intersection of philosophy of technology and social and political philosophy, with special interests in privacy, big data, and online identity. His recent research has focused on the relationship between information privacy and the ways information is made meaningful to its possessors, and he is currently investigating the connections between those issues and issues related to online self-presentation, algorithmic discrimination, and digital due process. Daniel holds a BA in computer science and philosophy from The George Washington University and received his PhD in philosophy from Stony Brook University in 2015.

Joris van Hoboken (Research Fellow)

Joris van Hoboken is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow in the Information Law Institute at New York University, and NYU’s Department for Media Culture and Communication, a lecturer at CornellTech, a Visiting Scholar at the NYU Stern Center for Business & Human Rights, and an affiliate researcher at the Institute for Information Law (IViR) at the University of Amsterdam.  His research addresses law and policy in the field of digital media, electronic communications and the internet, with a focus on the fundamental rights to privacy and freedom of expression. He has a PhD from the University of Amsterdam on search engines and freedom of expression (2012) and graduate degrees in Law and Theoretical Mathematics. Joris is the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Dutch digital rights organization Bits of Freedom.


Elana Zeide (Research Fellow)

Elana Zeide is a Microsoft Research Fellow at the Information Law Institute and an Affiliate of the Data & Society Research Institute. She focuses on student privacy, including regulatory frameworks, information and institutional norms, and the role of private entities and public actors. Her work also explores broader issues involving automation, algorithmic accountability, and experimentation in online environments. Elana received her BA from Yale University, a JD and LLM from New York University, and an MFA from Columbia University. She has worked as a journalist in London and New York, a litigator at Cravath, Swaine & Moore, a legal analyst at Bloomberg, and a Visiting Professor at Yale University. She came to the fellowship from her own media and privacy legal practice.

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Student Fellows

Erin L. Bansal (Student Fellow)

Erin L. Bansal is a Student Fellow at the Information Law Institute and a LLM candidate in the Competition, Innovation and Information Law program at New York University School of Law. She previously worked in the Internet Bureau of the New York State Office of the Attorney General and in the Securities Litigation and Regulatory Enforcement group at Orrick, Herrington & Sutcliffe LLP. She received her JD from Northwestern University School of Law and her undergraduate degree from Northwestern University. She is certified as a CIPP-US by the International Association of Privacy Professionals.

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Robyn Caplan (Student Fellow)

Robyn Caplan is a Research Analyst at Data & Society and a doctoral student at Rutgers University's School of Communication and Information, under the supervision of Phil Napoli. Her recent research interests include technology and governance, the role of public and private actors as information and data intermediaries, algorithmic accountability and automated media, and data and civil rights. Previously she was a Fellow at the GovLab at NYU, as well as the School of Communication and Information at Rutgers. Robyn received her MA from NYU in Media, Culture, and Communication, and her B.Sc. from the University of Toronto.

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Sofia Grafanaki (Student Fellow)

Sofia Grafanaki is a post-LLM degree student at NYU Law School specializing in information law. Her research interests are at the intersection of law and technology, with a focus on the implications of Big Data on individual autonomy and democracy. Her background is in both law and business, and she has worked extensively with technology startups. She is also Chief Operations Officer of Data Elite, an accelerator and incubator doing seed investments by providing early stage funding and counseling for Big Data startups. Sofia holds a law degree from Oxford University, an LLM from NYU Law School and an MBA from Columbia Business School. 

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Paula Kift (Student Fellow)

Paula Kift is a doctoral student in the Department of Media, Culture, and Communication at NYU. She is interested in privacy norms, global privacy governance and transborder data flows. Paula earned a BA summa cum laude from Princeton University in 2012, where she studied French Literature and Political Science as a major, and Near Eastern Studies and European Cultural Studies as minors. During her undergraduate studies, she completed exchange semesters at the universities of Barcelona and Paris. In 2014 Paula received a master's degree in public policy from the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin. Previously she worked as a research assistant at the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG) and at the Global Public Policy Institute (GPPi) in Berlin. She is a member of the GPPi Circle of Friends and an Associate Member of the American Council on Germany (ACG).

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Alex Lipton (Student Fellow)

Alex Lipton is a Furman Academic Scholar and Mitchell Jacobson J.D. Scholar at New York University School of Law. He currently serves as an Executive Editor of the New York University Law Review and previously worked as a Teaching Assistant for Professor Clayton Gillette and Research Assistant for Professor Florencia Marotta-Wurgler. Before law school, Alex taught middle school history and debate through Teach for America. His research interests include consumer privacy, and internet and consumer contracts.

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Eliana Pfeffer (Student Fellow)

Eliana Pfeffer is a second year student at New York University School of Law. She serves as a Staff Editor on the Annual Survey of American Law, and works as a research assistant for the Center for Law and Security and the Civil Jury Project. Eliana’s research interests include exploring privacy norms through the lens of common law torts and legal conceptualizations of harm. Before attending law school, Eliana worked as a paralegal in a large New York City law firm in Disputes and International Arbitration. Eliana received her BA from The University of Chicago in Law, Letters, and Society. 

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Dan Rudofsky (Student Fellow)

Dan Rudofsky is a law student in his third year at New York University Law School. Dan's research interests focus on the role of companies in enforcing privacy regulations. Prior to law school, Dan worked on the Senate Judiciary Committee in Washington, D.C. He holds a B.A. in History and Political Science from the University of Pennsylvania.

Photo of Luke Stark


Luke Stark (Student Fellow)

Luke Stark is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Media, Culture, and Communication at New York University, under the supervision of Helen Nissenbaum. Luke's research interests include the history of digital and social media; the emotional aspects of privacy and surveillance; everyday experience in the on-demand economy; and values in computational design. Luke's dissertation project, "Self-Managed Feeling: Psychology and Interaction Design from Smartphones to the Anxious Seat," is a genealogy of digital mood tracking applications, and explores how psychological tools and techniques have been built into the design of the mobile device we use on a daily basis. Luke's work has been generously funded by the National Science Foundation, the Intel Science & Technology Center for Social Computing, Microsoft Research, and New York University's Center for the Humanities, Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, and Provost's Global Research Initiatives.

Photo of Clay Venetis


Clay Venetis (Student Fellow)

Clay Venetis is a second year student at New York University School of Law. He is currently a Staff Editor on the Moot Court Board and a Research Assistant for Professor Florencia Marotta-Wurgler. His research interests include privacy-by-design, 4th Amendment, and consumer privacy enforcement by the Federal Trade Commission. Before law school, Clay was the Student Director of the Guestbook Project, an initiative incentivizing digital peace-building projects done by young students in historically divided cities around the world.


Affiliated Researchers

Solon Barocas
Heather Patterson



Past Fellows and Affiliates

Gaia Bernstein: 2002-2003
Finn Brunton: 2009-2010
Amanda Conley: 2009-2010
Niva Elkin-Koren: 2004-2005
Kenneth Farrall: 2009-2011
Martin French: 2012-2013
Roger Ford: 2011-2012
Joseph Lorenzo Hall: 2011-2012
Sophie Hood: 2012-2013
Jaime Madell: 2010-2011
Alice E. Marwick: 2009-2010
Laura Moy: 2010-2011
Nathan Newman: 2012-2014
Gregory Pomerantz: 2001-2002
Sasha Romanosky: 2012-2013
Andrew Selbst: 2011-2012
Elizabeth Stark: 2008-2009
Alan Toner: 2001-2002
Vincent Toubiana: 2009-2010
Philip Weiser: Fall 2008
Dr. Tal Zarsky: 2010-2011
Malte Ziewitz: 2012-2014
Michael Zimmer: 2004-2007
Jonathan Zittrain: Spring 2008



Nicole Arzt
NYU School of Law
40 Washington Square South
Room 336
New York, NY 10012-1066
Phone: (212) 998-6013

Fax: (212) 995-4760