Human Rights

Most-Cited Treaties and Other International Instruments
Aid to law review citation-checking; list of treaties frequently cited in law review articles, along with available sources of hard copy.Aid to law review citation-checking; list of treaties frequently cited in law review articles, along with available sources of hard copy.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (1999-)
The reports are from the Department of State.

African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights
Established by the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, which came into force on 21 October 1986 after its adoption in Nairobi (Kenya) in 1981 by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the Organization of African Unity (OAU).

African Human Rights Instruments
At the University of Minnesota Human Rights Library. African Human Rights Resource Center; Views on African cases.

African Human Rights Case Law Analyser: Collection of Decisions from the African Human Rights System 
Developed by the Institute for Human Rights and Development in Africa and the Human Rights Documentation Systems.

Asian Human Rights Commission

Council of Europe Human Rights Web Site
This database is maintained by the Directorate of Human Rights of the Council of Europe to facilitate public access to information about the Human Rights Activities of the Council of Europe.

Data Inspection Board
Housed in Sweden, the site is a public authority protecting the individual's privacy in the information society without unnecessarily preventing or complicating the use of new technology. The full-text of legislation is in English.

Works with human rights organizations in Latin America to bring accurate and timely information on the human rights situation in these countries.

European Court of Human Rights
This official site, which opened on May 1997, contains pending cases, judgments, and basic texts. The site contains a complete Index to all ECHR judgments. For a full text of cases, search HUDOC database.

European Union Fundamental Rights Agency
Opened on 1 March 2007, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights (FRA) is a body of the European Union (EU) based in Vienna. The Agency provides the relevant institutions and authorities of the Community and its Member States when implementing Community law with assistance and expertise relating to fundamental rights in order to support them when they take measures or formulate courses of action within their respective spheres of competence to fully respect fundamental rights. The Agency focuses on the situation of fundamental rights in the EU and its 27 Member States. Candidate Countries and countries which have concluded a stabilization and association agreement with the EU can be invited to participate following a special procedure.

Human & Constitutional Rights at Columbia University
The information resources are divided into six sections: Country Reports, International Links, Regional Links, National Links, Documents, and Other Web Resources. The "Bills of Rights Comparative Law Materials" is a database for human rights cases. New cases are added daily.

The Human Rights Documentation Initiative @ University of Texas
They have captured web pages and documents and publications and have a good search interface for it. Looks like they worked with the Internet Archive/Wayback Machine. See also Archived Web Resources

HURIDOCS Human Rights Information and Documentation Systems
The site was initiated in 1979 and formally established in 1982 as a global network of human rights organizations. The aim of HURIDOCS is to improve access to and the dissemination of public information on human rights through more effective, appropriate and compatible methods of information handling.

International Encyclopedia of Laws : Migration Law
The International Encyclopaedia for Migration Law deals with international and national rules on immigration and right of residence of non-nationals. It contains national monographs on the migration law applicable in each country. This information is completed by monographs on the legal instruments on migration law adopted by supranational, international and regional organisations. IP access.

Institute for Human Rights at Åbo Akademi University
Housed in Finland and founded in 1985. The Institute is an integrated unit of Åbo Akademi University, the Swedish-language University of Finland, and its Department of Law. Focusing on research in the field of the international protection of human rights, the Institute also offers lectures, courses and seminars, and organizes international meetings and symposia. FINDOC and DOMBASE databases. The Institute has a close cooperation with the human rights institutes in the other Nordic countries.

Inter-American Court of Human Rights (Official site) and at the University of Minnesota: Inter-American Court of Human Rights, Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights --Organization of American States
An official database. Contains basic documents on Human Rights, annual reports in full text (1970-), cases. Treaties can be accessed through the Organization of American States.

INTERIGHTS- the International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights
The International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights, is an international human rights law centre established in 1982 to support and promote the development of legal protection for human rights and freedoms worldwide through the effective use of international and comparative human rights law.

Minnesota Human Rights Library
A full text database in 5 languages. It contains a collection of the most important international human rights treaties and other instruments. These documents can be accessed by subject matter (, instrument list (, or by using one of the search mechanisms available at this site ( A meta search engine allows users to search for documents on multiple human rights web sites from a single form ( and a local search device allows more efficient searching of the documents in the Library (

Netherlands Institute of Human Rights (SIM)
Provides access to the databases containing the case law of international supervisory organs. These contain jurisprudence of the Human Rights Committee (CCPR), the Committee Against Torture (CAT), the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) and the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Furthermore, there is a database containing information on judgements of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). The concluding observations of the United Nations treaty bodies in the context of the country reports have been made accessible (UNCOM). Finally the general comments and general recommendations of the UN treaty bodies are available (General Comments). The case law of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda was recently included (ICTR).

Project DIANA
At the Bora Laskin Law Library University of Toronto. The purpose of the Women's Human Rights Resources Web Site is to provide reliable and diverse information on international women's human rights via the Internet.

Protection Project
The site is dedicated to the trafficking of women and children. It contains foreign national laws addressing commercial sexual exploitation, international conventions, survivor stories, country-by-country reports on trafficking and NGO monitoring.

Privacy and Human Rights
An International Survey of Privacy Laws and Practice. It was compiled by The Global Internet Liberty Campaign after reviewing the laws and practices of 50 countries. See also the database for latest legal documents on this mater.

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts Project - RULAC - is an initiative of the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights to support the application and implementation of international law in armed conflict. Through its global database and analysis, the Project aims ultimately to report on every concerned State and disputed territory in the world, considering both the legal norms that apply as well as the extent to which they are respected by the relevant actors.

Truth Commissions 
Housed at the United States Institute of Peace Library and at Derechos Human Rights.

United Nations Human Rights

UN Human Rights Council
On June 18, 2007, one year after its first meeting, and in compliance with General Assembly resolution 60/251, the Human Rights Council agreed on a package of elements that established the procedures, mechanisms, and structures that will form the basis for its future work. The Council will meet as a quasi-standing body. Its agenda and program of work provides the opportunity to discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require the Council’s attention throughout the year. Its rules of procedure and methods of work shall ensure transparency, predictability, and impartiality, and will enable genuine dialogue and be results-oriented.

UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights
Contains information, full-text documents, treaty database. Documents from recent sessions are available on the UN website. Go to Documentation and Maps> Economic and Social Council Resolutions 1982-, Decisions 1995- Go to International Law Human rights bodies. See Treaty Bodies Database. The UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS INDEX enables the user to access and search treaty body, special procedures, and UPR recommendations through several categories: State, right, body, affected person, and, for the UPR, the State(s) that made the recommendation, the position of the State under Review, and the session.

United Nations Treaty Collection Database
First part contains United Nations Treaty Series; the second part contains multilateral treaties that are deposited with the Secretary General.

The UN Human Rights Treaties
Provides access to documents and information from the UN human rights treaty system. Materials includes the text of treaties, documents from the UN treaty bodies, information on reform of the system, and other materials.

International Human Rights Research Guide by Grace M. Mills
American Society of International Law Guide on Human Rights by Marci Hoffman

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