Conference on Law, Commerce and Development

Bios


Bruce G. Carruthers is the Fitzgerald Professor of Economic History in the Department of Sociology at Northwestern University and works in the areas of economic sociology and comparative-historical sociology. He is the author of “City of Capital: Politics and Markets in the English Financial Revolution,” “Rescuing Business: The Making of Corporate Bankruptcy Law in England and the United States,” and “Economy/Society: Markets, Meaning and Social Structure,” as well as papers on money, accounting, and property rights. He is currently researching the impact of globalization on corporate bankruptcy law, the history of credit in the U.S., and regulation of small loans in the early 20th-century United States.  Professor Carruthers received his B.A. from Simon Fraser University, an M.A. from Rutgers University, and his Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Chicago.

Donald Clarke is Professor of Law at the George Washington University Law School in Washington, D.C., where he specializes in Chinese law. He founded and maintains Chinalaw, the leading internet listserv on Chinese law, and writes the Chinese Law Prof Blog.  Professor Clarke received his A.B. at Princeton University, his MSc at the University of London, and his law degree from Harvard University, where he was a member of the Harvard Law Review.  Professor Clarke is a member of the Academic Advisory Group to the US-China Working Group of the United States Congress and has served as a consultant to the Financial Sector Reform and Strengthening Initiative (FIRST), the Asian Development Bank, and the Agency for International Development. He is a member of the New York Bar and the Council on Foreign Relations.  Professor Clarke is visiting the NYU School of Law during the 2007-08 academic year.

Kevin Davis joined the NYU School of Law as Professor of Law from the University of Toronto in 2004. He teaches courses on Contracts, Law and Development and Secured Transactions as well as seminars on Financing Development and Contract Theory. His current research is focused on commercial law and the general relationship between law and economic development. His recent publications include: “Taking the Measure of Law: The Case of the Doing Business Project,” (with Michael Kruse); “Lawmaking in Small Jurisdictions,” and, “The Role of Nonprofits in the Production of Boilerplate.”  He has also been a visiting assistant professor at the University of Southern California, a visiting fellow at Cambridge University’s Clare Hall, and a visiting lecturer at the University of the West Indies in Barbados.  He holds degrees from McGill, the University of Toronto, and Columbia.

Avinash Dixit is the Sherrerd University Professor of Economics at Princeton University. His research interests have included microeconomic theory, game theory, international trade, industrial organization, growth and development theories, public economics, political economy, and the new institutional economics. His book publications include “Theory of International Trade” (with Victor Norman), “Thinking Strategically” (with Barry Nalebuff), “Investment Under Uncertainty” (with Robert Pindyck), “The Making of Economic Policy: A Transaction Cost Politics Perspective, and Games of Strategy” (with Susan Skeath), and “Lawlessness and Economics.” He was President of the Econometric Society in 2001, and a Vice-President of the American Economic Association in 2002. He is President-Elect of the latter for 2007, and will be President for 2008.  He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992 and the National Academy of Sciences in 2005, and a Corresponding (Foreign) Fellowship of the British Academy in 2006.  Dixit was educated at St. Xavier’s College (Bombay), Corpus Christi College (Cambridge) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was an assistant professor at the University of California, Berkeley, a fellow of Balliol College, Oxford, and professor at the University of Warwick, before joining Princeton in 1981. He has held visiting professorships at MIT, and visiting scholar positions at the International Monetary Fund, the London School of Economics, the Institute for International Economic Studies (Stockholm), and the Russell Sage Foundation.

Simeon Djankov is Chief Economist [Monitoring, Analysis and Policy – IFC] at the World Bank, where he is creator of the Doing Business series.  He has worked on regional trade agreements in North Africa, enterprise restructuring and privatization in transition economies, corporate governance in East Asia, and regulatory reforms around the world.  He holds a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Michigan.  He was a principal author of the World Development Report 2002.  His recent research includes “Measuring the Ease of Enterprise,” “The Curse of Aid” (with Jose Montalvo and Marta Reynal-Querol), “The Causes of Civil War” (with Marta Reynal-Querol), and “The Law and Economics of Self-Dealing” (with Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes and Andrei Shleifer).   

Jean Ensminger is the Edie and Lew Wasserman Professor of Anthropology at the California Institute of Technology.  She served as Division Chair for the Humanities and Social Sciences at Caltech from 2002-2006.  Prior to moving to Caltech in 2000, she was on the faculty at Washington University in St. Louis.  She is a past President of the Society for Economic Anthropology.  Professor Ensminger received a B.A. degree from Cornell University in 1974 and a Ph.D. degree from Northwestern University in 1984, both in Anthropology.  Professor Ensminger works at the interface of economics, development, and anthropology, and has conducted a longitudinal study of one African community for 30 years.  Her book “Making a Market: The Institutional Transformation of an African Society” (Cambridge University Press) and other publications concern the mechanisms by which societies are socially and economically transformed, the evolution of pro-social norms across small-scale societies, and the evolution of social norms, corruption, and the use of social network analysis.

Marcel Fafchamps is Professor of Development Economics, Department of Economics, Oxford University and Professorial Fellow at Mansfield College.  Professor Fafchamps’ research interests concern institutions that enable exchange, including risk-coping strategies, market institutions, intrahousehold allocation, and the allocation of economic activity across space.  Professor Fafchamps’ current research concentrates on poor countries, mostly in Africa and South Asia.  His most recent papers include work on crime, on social networks, and on spatial welfare.  He attended the Universite Catholique de Louvain where he received a Licence in Law and a Licence in economics.  He received his Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley.

Clayton P. Gillette is the Max E. Greenberg Professor of Contract Law at NYU School of Law.  He teaches and writes in the areas of Commercial Law, Contracts, and Local Government Law, and is currently researching relationships between democracy and debt in developing nations.  Professor Gillette received his B.A. from Amherst College and his J.D. from the University of Michigan School of Law.  Prior to joining the NYU faculty in 2000, Professor Gillette served as Perre Bowen Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law, and as Professor of Law and Warren Scholar in Municipal Law at Boston University.  He was Vice Dean at NYU School of Law from 2004-2007.  He has served as a visiting professor at the University of Virginia School of Law and the University of Michigan Law School, and is currently a visiting professor at Columbia Law School.

Xin He is an assistant professor at the School of Law, City University of Hong Kong and a member of the Global Faculty at NYU School of Law.  He obtained his LL.B. from Peking University and his J.S.D. from Stanford Law School.  He has also been a Hauser Research Scholar at NYU School of Law.   Professor He’s research interests include the fields of law and society, and the Chinese legal system.  His recent publications include “Why Do They Not Comply with the Law?;” “The Recent Decline of Economic Caseloads in China: Exploration of a Surprising Puzzle;” “Why Do Chinese Courts Not Take on the Disputes?;”and “Dispute Resolution in China: Patterns, Causes and Prognosis,” (with Randall Peerenboom).  His article “Enforcing Commercial Judgments in the Pearl River Delta of China,” is forthcoming.

Kathryn Hendley is the William Voss-Bascom Professor of Law and Political Science at the University of Wisconsin.  Her research focuses on legal and economic reform in the former Soviet Union. She is currently engaged in an inter-disciplinary project aimed at understanding how business is conducted in Russia and the role of law in business transactions and corporate governance. Professor Hendley received her A.B. from Indiana University, her J.D. from UCLA School of Law, her M.A. from Georgetown University, and her Ph.D. from the University of California.  She has served as a consultant to the U.S. Agency for International Development and the World Bank in their work on legal reform in Russia. Professor Hendley is currently the Director of the Center for Russia, East Europe and Central Asia, which receives Title VI funding from the U.S. Department of Education.  She has also served as a visiting scholar at the University of Leiden.

Mitchell Kane is Associate Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law, where he teaches Federal Income Tax and International Taxation.  In the fall of 2008, he will join the faculty of NYU School of Law.  Professor Kane earned his B.A. from Yale University and an M.A. and J.D. from the University of Virginia.  His research focuses on international tax arbitrage, the effects of tax policy on developing countries, the competing taxing claims of states and Native American tribes, and the interactions between international tax policy and the economics of international trade. His recent publications include “Ownership Neutrality, Ownership Distortions, and International Tax Welfare Benchmarks,” and “Risk and Redistribution in Open and Closed Economies.”

Rachel Kranton is a Professor in the Economics Department at Duke University.  Her research studies how institutions, networks, and the social setting affect economic outcomes. Her teaching and research interests include microeconomics, industrial organization, economic development, and behavioral economics. She earned her Ph.D. in economics at the University of California at Berkeley, and was on the faculty at the University of Maryland from 1993-2008. She has been a fellow at the Russell Sage Foundation and a member of the School of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study. She currently serves as an Associate Editor of the Journal of Economic Perspectives. Professor Kranton’s publications include “Public Goods in Networks,” (with Yann Bramoullé), “A Theory of Buyer-Seller Networks,” (with Deborah Minehart), “Economics and Identity,” (with George Akerlof), and “Reciprocal Exchange: A Self-Sustaining System.”

Lewis Kornhauser is the Alfred B. Engelberg Professor of Law at NYU School of Law, where he has taught Economic Analysis of Law, a Colloquium in Law, Economics and Politics, and the Sociolegal Seminar.  Professor Kornhauser received his B.A. and M.A. from Brown University, and his J.D. and Ph.D. (economics) from the University of California at Berkeley.  He has been the Director of the Institute for Law and Society at NYU, and has served as a visiting professor at Duke, Stanford, and Berkeley Law Schools.  He has also been a Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences.  His recent publications involve decision rules in institutions with multiple decision makers, game theory, microeconomics, and institutional governance.  Recent publications include “Appeals Mechanisms, Litigant Selection and the Structure of Judicial Hierarchies” (with Charles Cameron).

Nathan Nunn is an Assistant Professor of Economics at Harvard University. He previously served as an Assistant Professor in the University of British Columbia Department of Economics.  Professor Nunn received his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. His primary research interests involve international trade, economic development, and economic history. He is an associate editor of the Journal of International Economics and a National Bureau of Economic Research Faculty Research Fellow.  Professor Nunn’s research focuses on the relationship between historic events and current economic performance within Africa. His publications include “Historical Legacies: A Model Linking Africa’s Past to its Current Underdevelopment,” “The Long-Term Effects of Africa’s Slave Trades,” and “Relationship-Specificity, Incomplete Contracts and the Pattern of Trade.”

Katharina Pistor is Professor of Law at Columbia Law School, where she teaches Corporations, Law and Capitalism, and Legal Issues in Emerging Markets.  She was educated at the University of Freiburg, the University of London, the Kennedy School of Government, and the University of Munich.  She has been an Assistant Professor for Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government, and has served as a research associate at the Harvard Institute for International Development and at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and Private International Law.  Professor Pistor’s publications include “The Evolution of Corporate Law” (with Y. Keinan, J. Kleinheisterkamp and M. West, 2002); “Economic Development, Legality, and the Transplant Effect” (with D. Berkowitz and JF Richard, 2003); “Incomplete Law” (with C. Xu, 2003).  She is a member of the editorial board of European Business Organization Law.

Barak Richman is Associate Professor of Law at Duke Law School, where he teaches Contracts, Antitrust, and Health Care Law and Policy.  Professor Richman’s research interests involve the economics of contracting and new institutional economics.  He received his A.B. from Brown University, an M.A. in Economics from the University of California at Berkeley, and a J.D. from Harvard Law School. He is in the process of completing his Ph.D. in Business Administration from the Haas School of Business at the University of California at Berkeley.  He has served as a staff member of the United States Senate Committee on Finance, and has lectured in international economics at Hanoi National University as a Henry R. Luce Scholar.  His current work includes “How Communities Create Economic Advantage: Jewish Diamond Merchants in New York.”

Susan Rose-Ackerman is the Henry R. Luce Professor of Jurisprudence (Law and Political Science) and co-director of the Yale Law School's Center for Law, Economics, and Public Policy. She has held fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the Fulbright Commission, and was a Visiting Research Fellow at the World Bank and a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. She is the author of “Corruption and Government: Causes, Consequences and Reform;” ”From Elections to Democracy: Building Accountable Government in Hungary and Poland;” “Controlling Environmental Policy: The Limits of Public Law in Germany and the United States;” “Rethinking the Progressive Agenda: The Reform of the American Regulatory State;” and “Corruption: A Study in Political Economy.” She holds a B.A. from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University.

Vijay Srinivas Tata is Chief Counsel of the Finance, Private Sector Development and Infrastructure practice group in the Legal Vice Presidency at World Bank in Washington DC.  His practice group provides legal advisory services to support the modernization of legal frameworks and institutions for financial and private sector development.  Before joining the Bank, Mr. Tata was a partner in the law firm of Arnold & Porter. He has served as Co-Chair of the International Commercial Transactions Committee of the American Bar Association.  He has also served on the Corporation Law Committee and the Securities Law Committee of the Bar Association of the City of New York.  Mr. Tata is a graduate of the NYU School of Law, and holds an M.A. from Columbia University School of International Affairs, and a B.A. from Yale University.

Michael J. Trebilcock is University Professor and Professor of Law and Economics at the University of Toronto.  He was awarded the Owen Prize in 1989 by the Foundation for Legal Research for his book, “The Common Law of Restraint of Trade.”  He is also the author (inter alia) of “The Limits of Freedom of Contract,” and co-author of “The Regulation of International Trade.”  He and Ron Daniels are co-authors of a forthcoming book, “Rule of Law Reform and Development: Charting the Fragile Path of Progress.” Professor Trebilcock has received an Honorary Doctorate in Laws from McGill University and was awarded the Canada Council Molson Prize in the Humanities and Social Sciences, and has been elected an Honorary Foreign Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  In 2003, he received an Honorary Doctorate in Law from the Law Society of Upper Canada and in 2007 he was the recipient of the Ontario Attorney General’s Mundell Medal for contributions to Law and Letters.